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Learning Java without Any Programming Experience

  • Felix Rose-Collins
  • 7 min read
Learning Java without Any Programming Experience


Java programming seems like fun, and it’s a valuable addition to your skillset as a programmer. But, it's not a walk in the park to find the right resources to learn the language. Especially, when you have no programming practice.

So, is there a way to learn Java programming without any prior experience? Well, if you have made up your mind, be ready to enjoy an exciting journey.

In this post, we flesh out some simple ways to get started with your Java programming. It can help you pave the way for a successful career in Java development.

Make a Plan and Create Segments

Programming is a vast field, so it’s important to break it down into pieces. Otherwise, it can be quite intimidating to learn a language, especially for the newbies.

So, when you’re starting afresh, you will need a blueprint to follow for the next few months. Having a plan helps you track your performance, so you always know how far you have come.

Some beginners make the crucial mistake of jumping into coding straight away. They fail to track their growth and fade out without learning anything large. Chances are that unless you have a defined goal, you can fall short to reach it, and that’s not what you should be doing with Java programming.

Moreover, your plan should contain segments, which is a breakdown of your goal. But, planning and segmenting is a challenging task for beginners and pro learners alike. Here are some pointers to help you out:

  • Week 1: Start working with JShell to work with Multiplication table
  • Week 2: Familiarize with Java Platform
  • Week 3 to 5: Learn Java Object-oriented Programming
  • Week 6: Start working with Functional Programming

When you get to functional programming, you will be familiar enough with the language to consider the future path. Also, it’s not necessary to stick to the timeframe. Basically, it’s better to work at your own pace, especially when you have no prior experience in programming.

Having achieved any step of your plan, put yourself through a test. In fact, it’s a great idea to look for an online project that relates to your goals and challenges the newly acquired knowledge. Replicate the project to check if your understanding of the topic is good enough.

Learn Core Java Programming

Not only for Java, but for any programming language you learn, you should spend most of your time working on its core concepts. This will allow you to obtain a comprehensive grasp of the concepts, and later, dealing with complicated problems will become much easier.

Wondering what core concepts you should focus on? Here is a quick guide:


Syntax is the building blocks for any programming language. The more code you write, the better you become at learning the syntax. Loops and branches are somewhat complicated, but practicing will let you nail it.

Object-Oriented Programming

OOP and Java go hand in hand. At first, OOP can be a hard concept to work with, but it gets easier as you proceed.

It helps you understand more complicated approaches in software development such as Inheritance, Abstraction, Encapsulation, Polymorphism, and many more.


Collections are groups of different objects that can be addressed as a single unit. Java has several frameworks for collections. Data structures like sets, maps, lists, etc., are important concepts for Java developers, so it’s a must-learn area for developers.


Streams are used to perform basic I/O operations in Java. It deals with the flow of data in and out of the code. This means, you will be handling read and write operations, which can be a tricky task for newbies. Learn how to work with Byte Streams, Character Streams, and Standard Streams.

Multithreading and synchronization

Beginner or not, multithreading is an advanced and quite a complicated topic in Java. It is used to handle multiple threads and shows how they are processed. However, if you’re a beginner, you won’t need to learn the topic immediately.

Additional tools that can help you learn Java more effectively, are reputable sources for studying. Here are some important ones.

Jenkins: Jenkins provides an open-source Java automation server. It’s great for beginners because it automates the non-human aspect of software development. So, you can compile, run and integrate your programs with proper documentation.

Docker and Kubernetes: Docker and Kubernetes are popular tools in most DevOps teams. Likewise, Kubernetes works well with Docker and they are used widely in the enterprise software development world.

Git: Git is a distributed version control system , and it’s widely used by companies these days. Many professional setups are now migrating from SVN, and CVS to Git, so it’s a must-learn tool for Java programmers.

Selenium: Selenium is a web driver that lets Java developers test their web applications via test frameworks. It provides an open-source API for developers and it’s loaded with automated features.

RESTful Web Service: It’s a great tool to implement scalable REST API in Java, and it’s a preferred tool considering the modern-day requirement of REST API developers.

Angular and Responsive JS: Angular and Responsive JS are two libraries critical for Java developers. These libraries help in implementing JavaScript UI designs.

Apache Spark and Kafka: Apache Spark provides frameworks for cluster computing, providing tools for I/O interfacing, scheduling, etc. Kafka uses basic APIS for stream processing, integrations, multilingual support and much more.

Java 16 Development Kit: This kit features a variety of tools for Java developers. For instance, it has Sealed Classes, Packaging Tools, Pattern Matching, Foreign Memory Access API, Elastic Metaspace, and many more.

Practice Coding Everyday

One of the essentials for effective learning is consistency. Do you take out time to code especially when you are self-motivated? Check the guidelines below:

  • Make sure to write code consistently. This is critical when learning a new language. If you take too many breaks, it can impact your learning adversely.
  • Make sure to write your own programs. While online help is good, you learn better when you write things from scratch.
  • Every problem in coding has multiple solutions. Try solving the same problem in more than one way.
  • Debugging is an important concept that lets you understand and spot faults in your code. So, take some buggy code and start debugging it with an objective in front of you.
  • Commit yourself to coding everyday. Even if it’s not a long session, make sure you are writing regularly. Do not overwhelm yourself with theory, practicing should take 80% of your effort, while reading should consume roughly 20%.

Refer to Google for Your Coding Queries

There will be times when you get stuck on a piece of code. In such situations, it won’t hurt if you take some help from Google. As a beginner, you are bound to make mistakes, so Google is the best place to search for your queries.

In fact, the easiest way to google is to copy-paste your coding error in double-quotes. Google will search for the exact error and fetch the right solution already shared by a professional.

That said, you should never underplay understanding the error and analyzing it. It’s the best piece of learning you can take away from your Google queries.

Find the Right Coding Platform

In the world of coding, learning is everything as it helps you grow, adjust to accelerating development and have the latest solutions in your bag of tricks. Here are three online platforms to serve your purpose:


A lot of programmers have tried CodeGym and recommend it, it’s a genuine gem for beginners. You’ll find learning Java with CodeGym much easier than other platforms as they explain the most complex tasks in layman’s terms. After becoming their member, you’ll have access to loads of lessons and tasks that’ll surely help you kickstart your Java programming career. You’ll find a lot of helpful articles, and get inspiration from success stories, too. That’s not it, as you can utilize their online forum to get answers to your queries or discuss them in one-to-one sessions. According to CodeGym users, it is the best advantage for someone without any programming experience.


This interactive platform allows you to run your codes online, courtesy CodeChef compiler. The online compiler supports many languages, including C++, Kotlin, Python, NodeJS, and others. This programming platform offers beginner and expert-level challenges and shows ways to solve them as well. On top of that, you can practice your codes or put your skills to test by participating in competitions.


This platform offers answers to more than 2000 questions related to Java, Python, and C++ to practice and master your coding skills. You can use their online compiler to run your codes as well. They also offer training, assessment and preparation for technical interviews to its members.

Find the Right Coding Community

Working with the right coding community makes your job so much easier. Here are some of the top communities to join.


It is a platform for millions of coders from all over the world. You can create projects, contribute and download projects to learn any programming language of your choice.

Stack Overflow

Stack Overflow is home to a diverse community of gamers, developers and programmers. It’s a common source that answers complicated programming queries, and you can find answers to 99% of your programming troubles on Stack Overflow.


Reddit is more of a discussion platform where you can engage with other developers to discuss different programming problems and technologies.

Monitor Your Development Progress

When you are working with so many tools, it’s also important to take breaks and check your progress. So, whatever daily, weekly, or monthly tasks you set for yourself, add them to your calendars and cross-check your performance. Tracking is important as it motivates you to do better.

Remember to Reward Yourself

Every time you get good results, it’s also important to treat and reward yourself. Rewarding comes in many forms, but pick the ones that don’t negate your achievements and motivate you to go on.

Moments that deserve rewarding can be like:

  • When you succeed at your first step
  • When you achieve major success in your project cycle
  • When you complete the project.


Java isn’t too difficult to master, but it requires you to practice regularly. So, once you have learned the basics of Java, it’s important to repeat and do more projects with this language to gain more expertise.

As a beginner, it’s also important to discuss your programming issues and buzz experts on online platforms.

Felix Rose-Collins

Felix Rose-Collins

is the Co-founder of Ranktracker, With over 10 years SEO Experience . He's in charge of all content on the SEO Guide & Blog, you will also find him managing the support chat on the Ranktracker App.

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